Interesting Comment by Kevin on December 17, at 3: Close Window Loading, Please Wait! The main difference between currency futures and spot FX is when the physical exchange of the currency pair takes place. Most investors are familiar
Globally there are two types of options -. American style options can be exercised at any time up to the option expiry date. This flexibility normally makes the option more expensive i. European style options can only be exercised on the option expiry date. For this reason they are normally cheaper than the equivalent American option. RBI only allows European style options in India.
So far RBI does not allow selling of naked option. All guidelines applicable for foreign currency-INR foreign exchange contracts are applicable to foreign currency-INR option contracts also.
Cross Currency Options not involving Rupee — This hedging instrument is also permitted by RBI to hedge the contingent foreign exchange exposure arising out of submission of a tender bid in foreign exchange. Consider an Indian exporter who has to receive a payment after three months and wants to make sure that he does not receive less than INR However, if the exchange rate moves to Hence, with options one can protect the losses and leave room for unlimited gains.
However, pricing of the option upfront premium plays an important role in determining its viability. Hence, before taking an option one must be properly informed about the market. Now options are being traded in exchange also besides OTC and hence there is transparency in pricing. Cost Reduction Structures — As per circular No. Note — Writing of options by the users, on a standalone basis, is not permitted.
Users can enter into option strategies of simultaneous buy and sell of plain vanilla European options, provided there is no net receipt of premium. The maturity of the hedge should not exceed the maturity of the underlying transaction and subject to the same the users may choose the tenor of the hedge. In case of trade transactions being the underlying, the tenor of the structure shall not exceed two years. Currency Swap — Under a currency swap, two counter parties agree to exchange specific amounts of two different currencies, at the outset, and repay these over time in installments, reflecting interest and principal.
It is nothing but a combination of forward contracts for longer maturity. While plain vanilla forward is confined up-to one year, the currency swap is being taken for any maturity beyond one year. Interest Rate Swaps IRS - An agreement between two parties known as counter parties where one stream of future interest payments is exchanged for another based on a specified principal amount.
Interest rate swaps often exchange a fixed payment for a floating payment that is linked to an interest rate most often the LIBOR. A company will typically use interest rate swaps to limit or manage exposure to fluctuations in interest rates, or to obtain a marginally lower interest rate than it would have been able to get without the swap.
Company A is currently paying floating rate of interest on its USD loan, but wants to pay fixed. On the other hand Company B is currently paying fixed rate of interest but wants to pay floating. By entering into an interest rate swap, each party can 'swap' their existing obligation for their desired obligation. Company A in return makes periodic interest payments based on a fixed rate of 8. The payments are calculated over the notional amount. The first rate is called variable, because it is reset at the beginning of each interest calculation period to the then current reference rate, such as LIBOR.
Normally the parties do not swap payments directly, but rather, each sets up a separate swap with a financial intermediary such as a bank. In return for matching the two parties together, the bank takes a spread from the swap payments. By doing the IRS, company A has now got fixed rate funds at an effective cost of 9. Coupon only Swaps - It is similar to IRS, where the rates are determined by the participants themselves.
This could be a cost-reduction strategy and same is being allowed by RBI. Principal Only Swap — It is like currency swap only. However, in currency swap both principal and interest are being exchanged between the parties.
In POS only principals are exchanged on pre-decided maturities. All the while, our mentor was drinking, dancing and celebrating, oblivious to our futile attempts to reach him. Many in our trade room suffered margin calls and were in shock over the demise of their accounts.
But thankfully by this point, we had started creating our own position size calculators and had modulated our risk so that we would be able to survive this kind of catastrophe. When our mentor finally returned, he didn't seem that concerned and assured us that over the next few months we could keep our positions open and they would come back into correlation and we would recover.
We wanted to diminish that drawdown so we decided to trust him and hang in there. But after 3 months of hoping and praying and not seeing the return of the correlation, we closed the trades, bailing on the positions and on him.
Again we received another lesson in trusting that something that once worked in the forex market would be something that would continue to work. Changes in the economic balance, interest rates and government policies caused the currency pairs to stop behaving in tandem and our newest strategy was no longer in vogue. Please feel free to share our blogs.
The blue plus button lets you email this link too: Would be interesting to learn how risk was lowered doing that, I would have thought it would double. Pardon my ignorance but if you are using negatively correlated pairs for hedging, that would be to mitigate risk not to increase profits. Pips relate to the smallest price moves of foreign exchange rates. Trading money, particularly in the forex market, is a speculative risk, as you are betting that the value of a currency will When trading in forex, all currencies are quoted in pairs.
Find out how to read these pairs and what it means when you buy and sell them. Hedging is a widely misunderstood strategy, but it's not as complicated as you might think.
Options and futures may sound similar, but they are very different. Futures markets are a bit simpler to understand but carry a greater risk for investors. Find out four simple ways to profit from call and put options strategies. The Fed may raise interest rates this summer and the ECB has begun a quanitative easing program.